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Brain Injury Epidemiology

Yearly Statistics in the United States

- 1.5 million Americans suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
- 230,000 are hospitalized
- 50,000 deaths
- 90,000 suffer long-term and/or life-long disabilities.

Moreover, TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults.

Economic Costs for Traumatic Brain Injury

- lifetime 325,000 to 4 million dollars for the individual.
- annual total economic burden estimated at 37-159 billion dollars.

Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

Depending on the area of the brain that is damaged, there will be alterations in mood, emotional reactions, memory, sensation and perception, motor coordination.

MEDSCAPE- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology

Epidemiology of TBI



Spinal Cord Injury Epidemiology

Yearly Statistics in the United States

An estimated 10,000 new cases per year in the US, with an overall spinal cord injured (SCI) population of approximately 230,000.

Out of the population of acute SCI cases, approximately 20% do not survive to reach hospitalization, and a further 3% die during acute treatment.

The Merck Manuals - Discussion on Spinal Cord Disorders

Christopher and Dana Reeves Foundation - How the Spinal Cord Works


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